Glossary

A

All WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria are written as testable criteria for objectively determining if content satisfies them. For Level A conformance (the minimum level of conformance), the Web page satisfies all the Level A Success Criteria, or a conforming alternate version is provided.

AA

All WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria are written as testable criteria for objectively determining if content satisfies them. For Level AA conformance, the Web page satisfies all the Level A and Level AA Success Criteria, or a Level AA conforming alternate version is provided.
understanding conformance

AAA

All WCAG 2.0 Success Criteria are written as testable criteria for objectively determining if content satisfies them. For Level AAA conformance, the Web page satisfies all the Level A, Level AA and Level AAA Success Criteria, or a Level AAA conforming alternate version is provided.

Android

Android is a mobile operating system developed by Google, based on the Linux kernel and designed primarily for touchscreen mobile devices.

App store

App Store is a digital distribution platform, developed and maintained by Apple Inc., for mobile apps on its iOS operating system. The store allows users to browse and download apps developed with Apple's iOS software development kit.

Cognitive disabilities

These users may have difficulty remembering information or data, may be easily distracted, and may have learning disabilities that affect how well they read text.

Fine motor skill disability

These users may have difficulty using a mouse or similar pointing device, may require more time to interact, and may have difficulty selecting small elements on screen.

Google play

Google Play (formerly Android Market) is a digital distribution service operated and developed by Google. It serves as the official app store for the Android operating system, allowing users to browse and download applications developed with the Android software development kit (SDK) and published through Google.

Hearing disabilities

Deaf or hard-of-hearing users will have problems interacting with video and audio content, unless some form of transcription is available.

HTML5

HTML5 is a markup language used for structuring and presenting content on the World Wide Web. It is the fifth and current major version of the HTML standard.
read more about HTML5

Hybrid app

Hybrid Mobile Applications development combines elements of both the native app and HTML5 worlds. Primarily built using HTML5 and JavaScript, wrapped inside a native container that provides access to native platform features.

Ionic

Ionic is an HTML5 mobile app development framework targeted at building hybrid mobile apps.Think of Ionic as the front-end UI framework that handles all of the look and feel and UI interactions your app needs in order to be compelling.

IOS

iOS (formerly iPhone OS) is a mobile operating system created and developed by Apple Inc. exclusively for its hardware. It is the operating system that presently powers many of the company's mobile devices, including the iPhone, iPad, and iPod Touch.

Native app

A native application is an application program that has been developed for use on a particular platform or device. Because native apps are written for a specific platform, they can interact with and take advantage of operating system features and other software that is typically installed on that platform.

Phonegap

Apache Cordova (formerly PhoneGap) is a mobile application development framework originally created by Nitobi. Adobe Systems purchased Nitobi in 2011, rebranded it as PhoneGap, and later released an open source version of the software called Apache Cordova.

Screen reader

Screen reader is a software application which analyzes the user interface and the associated content from an operating system or an application, and provides its output via the text-to-speech synthesizer or a refreshable Braille display.
read more about Screen reader

Seizures

Some users may be prone to photo epileptic seizures, so that flashing, strobing, and blinking graphics are a danger.

SDK

Software Development Kit, interface and tools provided by a company to open up their platform to developers who wish to write applications for it.

Visual disabilities

These users may be blind, have relatively low vision, or be colorblind so that unannotated images and graphics or even low-contrast sites create problems.

W3C

The World Wide Web Consortium, is the main international standards organization for the World Wide Web.
read more about W3C

WAI-ARIA

Web Accessibility Initiative – Accessible Rich Internet Applications, is a technical specification published by the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) that specifies how to increase the accessibility of web pages.
read more about ARIA

WCAG

Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, covers a wide range of recommendations for making Web content more accessible.
read more about WCAG